*)IAARD Researchers at Indonesian Soil Research Institute, Jl. Tentara Pelajar No. 12. Cimanggu-Bogor.
*)Author contact: email@example.com
Abstract. Tidal swamp area in the Southern of Sumatra is a source of rice production to support the national rice self-sufficiency. However, the rice yields achieved by farmers are relatively lower compared to the potential yield gained in research. To identify the problems faced by the farmers, farmers’ interviews and workshop have been conducted at the study sites located in delta Telang, Sugihan Kanan, Karang Agung Ilir, and Pulau Rimau in April 1999. The results showed that improvement of land, water, and farm managements in cooperator farmers’ areas increased rice yield from 2 to 3.43-3.96 t ha-1 and farmer’s profits by 55.4%. The profits of cooperator farmers increased in following year to 69.6%. diffusion process of technologies also increased the profits of non-cooperator farmers between 12.2-29.5%. eventhough the improvement of rice farming management in tidal swamp areas has shown a significant increase in yields and farmer’s incomes, however, to develop the recommended technology to the wider areas still faces some problems on the aspects of land and water management, farm management, marketing, farmer’s institution, assistance from extension workers, and the availability of equipment and agricultural machinery.
Keywords: Rice, tidal swamp management, problems, farmers’ feed back
The agricultural sector plays a significant role in Indonesian economic development. During the last two decades, the government has placed a major effort on agricultural development, especially in increasing rice production. Experiences showed that the instability of rice supply affected not only the economic but also the political aspects of the country. Therefore, the production and supply of rice play a central role in food policy.