1Yunan Hamdan, 2Budhi Setiawan, 2Dwi Setyawan, and 2Azhar. K. Afiiandi
1Doctoral Candidate of Environmental Program, Sriwijaya University. Jln. Padang Selasa no. 524 Palembang-South Sumatra.Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
2Doctor of Environmental Doctoral Program, Sriwijaya University and Adivisor Commission
Abstract. Climate change as impact of global warming could exacerbate the decline in environmental quality as a result of drought risk, water reduced availability and flooding. To determine the raw water quality conditions that can be used for clean water on site research conducted sampling at five locations in region Banyuasin Valley. The locations are port of Tanjung Api-Api, Sungsang Village Banyuasin District II. Karang Anyar village, Sritiga village of Muara Telang District Sritiga Telang, and Canal Sebalik. Banyuasin Valley is a supporting region of Port Tanjung Api-api. It is one of the most vulnerable areas in Southeast Asia. Methods in this study consisted of three stages namely: 1) inventory data, sampling time at the lowest tide, average tide and the highest tide.2) Analysis sampling test, sampling laboratory test performed to determine levels of salinity electrical conductivity and turbidity, develop meso level (regional level) of vulnerability assessment to micro level (local/cities level) and provide information about vulnerability level of community at Banyuasin Valley. 3) Results and discussion. The test results in laboratory, field measurements, and calculations of water volume and water needs concluded that the site Canal Sebalik could meet water needs for the population and industry in the region.
South Sumatra Provinces is an area particularly vulnerable to climate change to sea-level rise, extreme waves, ocean currents, rising temperature, increased frequency of extreme events such as El-nino and La nina, changes in rainfall. Precipitation, sea level rise, and extreme waves cause flood, inundation, erosion and deposition, and salt water intrusion, and impact on water resources, agriculture and forestry, health, and infrastructure (KRAPI South Sumatra, Bappenas, GIZ 2012).